"Underground" stems from the concept of photo-collage done in real-time. Mobile programs provide sufficiently rapid data processing options that offer an opportunity to influence the act of assembling a photograph while it is occurring. This real-time malleability allows the subject to recreate their space as they are experiencing it. The process emphasizes an active rather than passive relationship with one’s environment.

"Underground" is a psycho-spatial investigation that re-imagines an alternate subterranean New York City. This doubling exploits the disorienting experience of being underground where the subject lacks some general frames of reference that can provide significant clues to their position in space. The unsettling quality of these uncanny images emulates sensory processing disorders that produce deficits in figure-ground differentiation, depth perception, and topographical orientation.